Only a few product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted programming, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid development, along with all kinds of commercials along with other promotions ( e.g., teasers for community programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique traits and are perhaps maybe not reported right here. The analyses provided in this paper, but, do include the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, suggests that had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eliminated through the test.
The last test for the 2001 2002 period contains 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the very first year’s test even as we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to ensure we had three episodes of every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, extra taping had been needed whenever, as an example, brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or as soon as the time and time slot for a string had been changed.
The codebook when it comes to bigger research had been based significantly in the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on exact same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. As opposed to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene because the main product of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ significantly in total and, hence, don’t offer a consistent device of measure in making evaluations across programs, we used a typical coding product centered on time. Coding news programming in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts http://www.myfreecams.onl/female/college/, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any discuss sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with love and relationships, that have been perhaps not coded. For instance, a declaration such as вЂњEveryone loves my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ will be coded.
Exact exact exact Same sex behavior that is sexual
Every 2 moment interval that were coded as containing one or more kind of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 had been additionally evaluated when it comes to existence of exact same intercourse sexual behavior. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period took place between a couple associated with sex that is same.
Speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas
Each 2 interval that is minute have been coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., remarks about own/others‘ intimate actions or passions, speak about intercourse which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Because of this item, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Frequently, such reviews associated with gays and lesbians, although periodically they certainly were related to bisexuals.