The majority of the chemical symbols for elements into the periodic dining table make sense; you will adultdatingwebsites.net visit find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no regards to their elementвЂ™s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with reasons for them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a name for salt carbonate). Its initial supply is going to be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. A number of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, an amount of contemporary languages nevertheless refer to potassium as kalium, together with title lends the element its chemical expression, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its sign Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. ThereвЂ™s a list of 213 of these right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more simple than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title had been fundamentally simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The united states Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it may be produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this word is just produced by the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing the application of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This is certainly from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the total amount of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram remains found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th densest element into the regular dining dining dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed from the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name is also the foundation associated with English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading