Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained

The majority of the chemical symbols for elements into the periodic dining table make sense; you will adultdatingwebsites.net visit find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with reasons for them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a name for salt carbonate). Its initial supply is going to be the Arabic work ‘natrun’. A number of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium rather than salt, plus it’s this title that its symbol that is chemical, arises from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, an amount of contemporary languages nevertheless refer to potassium as kalium, together with title lends the element its chemical expression, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, offers it its sign Fe; it simply means ‘iron’ or ‘sword’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. There’s a list of 213 of these right right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements called after places, but copper’s title is much more simple than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self arises from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title had been fundamentally simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The united states Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the the Río de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be produced from the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. There’s also speculation it may be produced by the Cornish ‘stean’ because of Cornwall’s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this word is just produced by the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, discussing the application of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.

Tungsten Wolfram that is)

Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This is certainly from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’, talking about the total amount of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram remains found in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – notably apt, since it’s the 7th densest element into the regular dining dining dining dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a great many other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed from the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to offer ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but Mercury’s is alone that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name is also the foundation associated with English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.

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